WHAT ARE BEHAVIORAL MARKERS?
are observable, non-technical behaviors structured typically into a set of categories used to frame training and evaluation of non-technical skills in order to improve safety and inefficiency (Klampfer et al. GIHRE 2001). A behavioral marker system is a rating scale comprising of a skills taxonomy with examples of good and poor behavioral markers partnered to each skill. Behavioral marker systems should be context-specific reflecting the operational environment, transparent and reliable for effective assessment (Yule et al Med Ed 2006;40:1098-1104).
How are behavioral markers developed?
A behavioral marker system is derived from analysis of empirical data that contributes to superior or substandard outcomes in a specific industry (Klampfer et al. GIHRE 2001).